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Utica old port city founded by the Phoenicians in ancient times. From there began the cultivation of olives in Tunisia before even the Foundation of Carthage by Queen Dido. The Phoenicians were the first to present this crop in North Africa. Latin Utica, its name means “old city” by Punic language (meaning identical to that of its Arabic name); This is as opposed to that of Carthage, meaning ‘new town ‘. Utica is deemed as one of the most ancient cities of the Western Mediterranean. the city was founded in 1101 BC. This city-State has been formed by commercial necessity: it is one of the indispensable trading posts in travel between Tyre and Cadiz. This city including the prior art (more than three centuries) compared to Carthage


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During the Carthaginian period, the cultivation of olives was extended by granting several advantages to farmers. The Romans  continued this expansion by installing intensified irrigation and olive oil extraction techniques. The excavations at Sufeitula (current Sbeitla) and Thysdrus (El Jem) as well as Roman mosaics discovered in the region of Sousse, certify culture spread olive on the Tunisia. Today,  Tunisia becomes the largest producer of olive oil, outside the European Union and  holds the  fourth place in the world after  Spain,  Italy and  Greece. Since a long time, olive oil has been used for various purposes: Athletes have used it to massage their muscles and make them more flexible, women to keep a younger looking  skin. As it was thought that olive oil is an invigorating tonic helping to prevent baldness and adding wine and spices, it was used in cosmetics. The collections of  archaeological and ethnographic objects  as well as utensils assure  the importance of olive oil in every day life and give a hint about  the Tunisian lifestyle